||Behind in the sense of being nearer the stern of the
||The horizontal capstan in the bow used for weighing
anchor (also called windlass)
||A vertical timber inside the stem to which the ends of
the planks are fastened.
||Another name for the top mast shrouds.
||The metal clips on the side of the hatch coamings in
which are wedged the battens securing the hatch cloths.
||To turn the barge down wind.
||To turn the barge upwind.
||A knot for joining 2 ropes or to attach a rope to an
||Loop made in a rope
||The space between the bottom of the barge and the ceiling
of the hold. (Floor)
||Stong vertical timber members or iron bitt heads fastened
through the deck beams.
||A pulley with one or more sheaves.
||Flag mounted on topmast truck bearing owners logo or
colours. used to indicate the wind direction.
||The stay which supports the bowsprit against the lift of
the sails set upon it.
||Ketch rigged barge. A barge rigged with gaff and boom to
both main & mizzen sails.
||A spar extending forward of the stem on which the jib and
staysail may be set. The spar is pivoted so that it may be raised in port.
||Ropes that are used to furl the mainsail & mizzen
||A method of waterproofing by ramming fibre such as horse
hair between two adjacent pieces of wood and sealing with pitch.
||The caulked floor of the hold.
||A cast iron steering wheel.
||A metal strap attached to the hull to which the shrouds
and other rigging are attached.
||The angle between the side and the bottom.
||Wood or metal projecting arms which ropes are made fast
||The back bottom corner of a sail.
||The ropes attached to the clew of the topsail. Used to
reduce and stow the topsail.
||A cast iron hook for holding the anchor chain temporarly
while adjusting the chain on the barrel winch.
||A part freight.
||The board forming the outer edge of the deck.
||Winch used for raising leeboards etc.
||A rope loop, normally made round a thimble, which may be
worked into or attached to the bolt rope of a sail.
||Lateral spreaders for the topmast shrouds which on a
barge are called standing backstays.
||Rig with small mizzen abaft the steerage.
||To run dart is to sail dead before the wind.
||A circular turned block of hardwood which is grooved
around its circumference and pierced with three holes, used in pairs to
secure the shrouds to the chainplates.
||Small winch over the anchor windlass, used handling a
light line in warping, and for the main brails in a stackie when the brail
winch is covered by a stack.
||A loop formed in the end of a rope or cable by spicing-
hence eye splice.
||A bolt forged at one to form an eye or loop. Fixed to
provide a securing point for lines or tackle
||A means of diverting the run of a rope or mooring line to
the most convenient direction for working and to minimise wear at the
||To secure a rope to a cleat or similar - make fast.
||Clothing made from thick woolen cloth
||A flexible barrier inserted between vessel and quay or
another vessel to prevent damage
||Loose boards which slide in grooves to close a companion
scuttle or cabin entrance.
||A transverse structural timber to which the bottom
planking is fastened. The ends of the floor timbers are joined to the
bottom of the frames. the keelson is fastened on top of the floors and the
hold ceiling is fastened to the top of the floors.
||Bottom edge of sail.
||Removable wooden beams running along the centre of the
hold to support the hatches.
||Space below deck in the bow of the vessel used for the
mates accommodation or storage.
||A transverse wooden or metal circular beam fitted forward
of the mainmast. The foresail is attached to this via a sliding ring
allowing the sail to traverse freely.
||A triangular sail set on the forestay.
||The wire which supports the mainmast in a forward
||A rope used to secure a sail when stowed, particularly
||The barges sails & rigging.
||The top timber rail around the outer edge of the deck.
||Bring the sails from one side to the other as the vessels
course is altered to bring the wind from one quarter to the other.
||Ropes used to hoist the sails.
||The top corner of a triangular sail.
||The part of the bolt rope at the head of the mainsail and
mizzen including the rope from the mast to the sprit which supports the
||The collective name for sails set before the mast
||The spar laced to the top of the topsail.
||The steering - a steering wheel or tiller.
||The wooden or metal rings by which the topsail is
attached to the topmast.
||The shaped ends or chocks to which the main horse is
||A transverse member on which the sheet traveller runs.
||A sand bank or shoal laying in mid channel.
||Shoulders where the shrouds rest near the masthead.
||A vessel making regular passages with mixed cargoes.
||A pilot or extra hand employed to assist in getting the
vessel up difficult rivers and creeks or through bridges.
||The iron rod bolted clear of the main mast to which the
luff of the mainsail is attached.
||A triangular sail set between the end of the bowsprit and
the head of the mainmast.
||Stout longitudinal member running from stem to stern
inside the barges bottom, forming the "backbone"
CHAIN or sTRAP
||Chain rigged from rudder to quarter to prevent the rudder
kicking when at anchor.
||After or back edge of a sail.
||The side of a vessel away from the wind.
||Large wooden boards hanging from the side of the barge.
the leeward one is lowered when the barge is heading towards the wind to
prevent leeway being made.
||Being blown downwind instead of making progress into the
||Iron bars mounted in sockets by the main shrouds which
support the light screens in which the port and starboard navigation
lights are hung.
||A board on which the navigation lights are hung.
||A short length of rope with an eye spliced in one end to
hold another rope in position, as in the case of the mainsails lower
brails. ( Also known as a Stirrup).
||The lower edge of the sail when its not attached to a
boom. E.G. the mainsail as opposed to the mizzen.
||The lower brails of the mainsail.
||Forward or leading edge of the sail.
||The main brails of the mainsail.
||(See Tabernacle) Steel case in which the heel of the mast
||The brails below the mains and above the lowers.
||Small sail set on a mizzen mast aft. It can be sprit or
||Several turns of light line round the mouth of a hook to
prevent it unhooking accidentally.
||A barge with Sprit mainsaila gaff boom mizzen instead of a sprit
||The iron band which, with its links holds the sprit heel
to the mast.
||weak or low high tides occurring when the sun & moon
are in opposition. (High water at London Bridge around 9.00 o'clock).
||Throat of the mainsail.
||Iron fingers fitted on the windlass and
winches that engage in the barrel teeth to prevent the winch from turning
backwards under load.
||The top back corner of a four sided sail.
||The uppermost brails above the mains. (also called
||A short length of wire or chain hooked onto a tackle.
||The left side of a vessel when facing forward.
||A deck level fitting into which the bilge pump is
||The order given to prepare the crew that a
barge is about to change tack.
||To shorten sail by tying up the foot of
the sail to reduce the wind pressure.
||Thin lines hitched to the shrouds to provide steps for
reaching the hounds.
||The barges tiller.
||The oil lamp hung from the forestay at
night to signify the barge is at anchor.
||Thick blocks of wood fastened outside the rails to take
the chain plates for the shrouds.
||Fitted port & starboard in addition to the vangs,
they are led from the sprit head to the rail near the bows and are set up
in a seaway to give further control of the sprit.
||The serrated iron ring fitted to the
barrel of an anchor winch into which the pawl drops to prevent the chain
||London river term for a sailing barge or a bargeman.
||The caulked floor of the hold.
||Vessels that rely on fixing their own freights instead of
carrying the owners own goods.
||The covering of wire or rope with thin line to protect
||A "U" shaped iron with a pin used to join chain
||The wheel in a block that turns as a rope runs through.
||The curve formed by the deck line.
||The rope(s) which control a sail.
||Standing rigging which supports the mast laterally.
||Having all the cargo below hatches without deck cargo.
||An iron band on a spar with eyes to which rigging or
fittings may be attached.
||A head sail spread out on the opposite side of the mast
to the mainsail when running before the wind.
||Mooring rope leading from either aft from the bow or
forward from the stern of the vessel and secured to prevent the
vessel moving to and fro when tied up against a wharf or another vessel.
||The big high tides occurring when the sun & moon are
in unison. (High water at London Bridge around 3.00 o'clock).
||(Pronounced Spreet)The spar which extends diagonally across the mainsail or
mizzen to extend the peak. It is fastened near the base of the mast on the
starboard side by the standing lift (stanliff) and the head rope of the
||A spritsail rigged barge.
||A sail extended by a sprit.
||A barge loaded with hay or straw. A barge built expressly
for this purpose.
||(Stanliff) - a wire rope which supports the sprit from
the hel band.
||The right hand side of the vessel when facing forward.
||A flexible wire rove through a pair of large blocks. tThe
lower being attached to the stemhead and the upper to the end of the
forestay forming a tackle by which the mainmast is raised or lowered.
||The tackle connecting stem head to forestays, used to raise and lower the gear.
||A triangular sail which may be set in three ways: from
the bowsprit to the topmast head over the jib, from the stem head to
topmast over the foresail, and as a spinnaker for running before the wind.
In this case the sail is set up and down the mast with the tack tackle
hooked to an eye at the bottom of the mast case.
||The foremost timber member of the barge set vertically
from the keel to the rail. the head of which (Stem Head) carries the
forestay and other rigging.
||A rope used to prevent another coming loose or unreeving
||Barge without a topmast.
||Barge with square overhung bow like that of a London
||A frame or case to support the heel of the mast or
||The forward bottom corner of a sail.
||To go to windward by sailing at an angle to the wind.
||The loose end of a rope which has been
wound round a winch or cleat.
||A set of pulley blocks and ropes used to gain a mechanical
||(See nock) The forward top corner of a four sided sail.
||Formed of lateral members fastened inside the sternpost
to which the hull and deck planking is fastened.
||The iron ring which travels along the main
horse. It is fitted with an eye to which is attached the main mast sheet
||That part of the spar between the hounds
and the truck.
||The circular wooden cap at the top of a
barges topmast or mizzen mast.
||The description of a vessel which has
movement. (Sometimes written as "under weigh").
||The brails above the mains. (See also "peaks")
||To pull a rope from a sheeve or block.
||(Pronounced Wang) Wire rigging from the top of the sprit
to each side of the deck to control the sprit. The vang fall is the
tackle rigged on the lower end of the vang.
||A powerful hand operated winch mounted on
the bow of the barge. Used primarily for raising the anchor and raising
and lowering the mainmast.